Getting pregnant and having babies is a beautiful dream which every couple wishes to cherish but for some couples with preexisting diabetes, getting pregnant is a big decision that requires a lot of thought and planning. The couples suffering from diabetes (both or either of them having diabetes) always have a question whether or not it is safe for them to try for pregnancy. Diabetes is a condition in which the person suffers from high blood sugar levels either due to inadequate insulin production in the body or because the body cells are unable to respond properly to insulin, or both.
Type 1 Diabetes – when the body is unable to produce insulin. Type 1 constitutes almost 10% of all the diabetic cases.
Type 2 Diabetes – when the body is unable to produce sufficient amount of insulin for its proper functioning. Type 2 constitutes almost 90% of all the diabetic cases.
Gestational Diabetes – when pregnant women develop high blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. Depression, pre-eclampsia(high blood pressure and significantly huge amount of protein in urine) and C-section are few of the the risks involved with gestational diabetes. If treated poorly, the baby could be born with low blood sugar level and jaundice and if left untreated, it could lead to a stillbirth.
Since diabetes increases the chances of complications in pregnancy, the patient should opt for the best IVF centre for proper care and planning on how to control diabetes for an uneventful pregnancy and healthy babies.
Effect of Diabetes in Women:
According to the fertility doctors, diabetes does not stop the women from getting pregnant, but it keeps them from sustaining the pregnancy. It prevents embryo implantation in the uterus, leading to a miscarriage. High blood sugar can also increase the possibilities of the baby having birth defects( like defects in the heart, brain or spine), weighing too much, having breathing problems, having low blood sugar levels or may even lead to a stillbirth. So, diabetes does not hinder conception, but it does hinder an ongoing pregnancy and childbirth.
Effect of Diabetes in Men:
Men are not safe as well, they also experience infertility issues caused due to diabetes. The following conditions are more likely to be seen in men with uncontrolled diabetes:
Erectile dysfunction – Diabetes lowers down the testosterone level in the body and causes difficulty in getting or maintaining an erection.
Retrograde ejaculation– the condition where semen is pushed in the man’s own urinary bladder rather than exiting through the penis.
Lower sex drive– it is caused due to low testosterone levels due to diabetes.
Reduced sperm quality– diabetes can even lead to reduced sperm quality but there is no harm to the fertility of the man and motility of the sperm (movement of sperm towards the egg).
Controlling Diabetes before IVF:
- Diabetes management with IVF in a woman can be achieved by a co-ordination between her infertility specialist and endocrinologist.
- Reducing down the body weight to a normal range. Since excess weight makes it harder to control glucose levels in the body.
- Before attempting IVF, A1C levels should be below 6.5. The A1C test determines the blood sugar present in the blood by measuring the amount of glycated hemoglobin(glucose combined with haemoglobin in the bloodstream).
- In order to prepare the body for pregnancy, sugar levels should be controlled at least for 3 to 6 months.
- Following a good diet plan, eating right and staying healthy makes good chances of an uneventful pregnancy despite of the woman being a diabetic.
Contact today for a free consultation and expert advice from the leading specialist in Amroha, UP.