Male infertility causes can be congenital, meaning that they were present at birth, or can be acquired later in life. Some other causes of male infertility are systematic diseases such as kidney disease, testicular cancer, retrograde ejaculation where the semen actually flows back into the bladder instead of out, testicular trauma, infection such as prostratitis, hormonal dysfunctions, sexually transmitted diseases, chemotherapy, a defect in the reproduction system such as anorchism, medications used to treat arthritis or high blood pressure, or varicocele.
Retrograde ejaculation is very rare, but it can cause infertility. It might result from a surgery that was performed on the bladder, or from a disease that affects the nervous system. It could also be due to a congenital defect that is present in the bladder or urethra. Some signs of this are cloudy urine after ejaculation or diminished ejaculation.
Hypogonadism can be acquired or congenital. Some causes of a testosterone deficiency include Klinefelter syndrome, a leutenizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) deficiency and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) deficiency such as Kallmann syndrome. Failure of the testicles to descend into the scrotum can also be a cause of this.
There are also some autoimmune disorders and diseases which can be contributing male infertility causes as well. Diseases such as liver disease, kidney disease, sickle cell anemia, infections of the reproductive organs, and AIDS can all have adverse affects on infertility.
Are there lifestyle, dietary and environmental factors which contribute as possible male infertility causes? Indeed, there are some behavioral or lifestyle factors that can play a part in male infertility.
Some supplements, such as anabolic steroids, for instance, can have adverse effects on fertility. A diet that is particularly low in lycopene or folic acid can make it difficult to conceive as well. Excessive exercise can lower testosterone levels and even decrease the production of sperm. Exposure to toxins such as pesticides, mercury, and lead can increase the risks of infertility.
Some things that you can avoid include wearing pants or jeans that are tight-fitting, doing activities that increase the temperature in the scrotum, such as sitting for long periods of time or holding your laptop on your lap, taking frequent hot baths, and recreational drug use.
Cutting back on alcohol consumption and not smoking are other things that you might want to consider if you are trying to conceive. You should also talk to your physician about any medications that you might be taking and what effects those medications could have on your fertility.