Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMF) as produced my mobile phones, like all other forms of electromagnetic radiation cause enough of disruption to our body’s cells and physiological functions to warrant real caution in the use and protection against its negative health and fertility outcomes in both men and women.
There are 2 major ways in which mobile phone radiation my impact male infertility:
- It disrupts the hypothalamic, pituitary, thyroid, ovarian/testicular axis, which ensures optimum reproductive function – thus affecting male and female reproductive function, with sperm being most heavily affected but women also need to be very cautious because a hypothalamic/ovarian axis disruption can cause ovulatory and fertility challenges of their own kind;
- The electromagnetic waves emitted by these devices has a direct, physical, oxidative impact on the cells in close proximity to the radiating device.
Studies link male infertility with mobile phones
1. Most of the reports conclude a reasonable suspicion of mobile phone risk that exists based on clear evidence of bio-effects which with prolonged exposures may reasonably be presumed to result in health impacts.
2. The radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) produced by cell phones can enhance the excitability of the brain and has recently been classified as carcinogenic.
3. Sperm DNA fragmentation significantly altered in the subjects who use the mobile phone for more than 4 hours for day and in particular for those who use the device in the pocket of the trousers.
4. There are hazardous health effects of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiations emitted from mobile phone on the human reproductive pattern. This is especially problematic while keeping mobile phones in pocket or near testicular organs.Testicular infertility or testicular cancer due to mobile phone or microwave radiations suggests an increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) also known as oxidation, which can also lead to DNA fragmentation.
5. In the patients of group A (exposed to mobile phone radiation), 68.0% of the spermatozoa featured a pathological morphology compared to only 58.1% in the subjects of group B (not exposed to mobile phone radiation). Our results showed that cell phone use negatively affects sperm quality in men.
6. In humans, 2 different experimental approaches have been followed: one has explored the effects of RF-EMR directly on spermatozoa and the other has evaluated the sperm parameters in men using or not using mobile phones. The results showed that human spermatozoa exposed to RF-EMR have decreased motility, morphology problems, and increased oxidative stress; and men using mobile phones have decreased sperm concentration, decreased motility (particularly rapid progressive motility), normal morphology, and decreased viability.
7. Mobile phones adversely affect the quality of semen by decreasing mostly motility but also the sperm counts, viability and morphology.
8. The male germ line (ie sperm) is one of the most sensitive tissues to the damaging effects of ionizing radiation, radiant heat and a number of known toxicants. So far occupational hazards are the best documented risk factors for impaired male reproductive function and include physical exposures (radiant heat, ionizing radiation, high frequency electromagnetic radiation), chemical exposures (some solvents as carbon disulfide and ethylene glycol ethers, some pesticides as dibromochloropropane, ethylendibromide and DDT/DDE, some heavy metals as inorganic lead and mercury) and work processes such as metal welding.
9. Radiofrequency electromagnetic waves emitted from cell phones may lead to a significant decrease in sperm motility and viability, increase in oxidative stress in human semen. Keeping the cell phone in a trouser pocket in talk mode may negatively affect spermatozoa and impair male fertility.
10. A recent study found that use of cell phones adversely affects the quality of semen by decreasing the sperm counts, motility, viability and morphology.
11. An increase in the percentage of sperm cells of abnormal morphology is associated with the duration of exposure to the waves emitted by the mobile phones. It was also confirmed that a decrease in the percentage of sperm cells in vital progressing motility in the semen is correlated with the frequency of using mobile phones.
12. Use of cell phones decrease the semen quality in men by decreasing the sperm count, motility, viability, and normal morphology.