Chronic Testicular Pain

What is testicular pain (pain in the testicles)?

Testicular pain is pain or discomfort that is felt in one or both testicles. The pain may originate from the testicle itself, or it may be the result of other conditions affecting the scrotum, groin or abdomen. Though there are numerous medical conditions that can cause testicular pain, it is important to understand that a few of them constitute medical emergencies that require immediate medical attention in order to prevent impairment or loss of testicular function. Testicular pain can be an acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) condition. The testicular pain may be constant or intermittent.

Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Pain

Testicular torsion generally presents as sudden onset, severe testicle pain (localized to one testicle, left or right) that may be accompanied by any of the following signs and symptoms:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Testicular and/or scrotal tenderness
  • Testicular and/or scrotal swelling and redness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Elevation of the affected testicle within the scrotum
  • Horizontal positioning of the affected testicle within the scrotum
  • Loss of the cremasteric reflex on the affected side (normally, the testicle elevates with light stroking of the upper inner thigh area).

Epididymitis symptoms

Epididymitis generally presents as gradual onset, mild to severe testicle pain (localized to one testicle, right or left) that may be accompanied by any of the following signs and symptoms:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Testicular and/or scrotal tenderness, typically localized to the area of the epididymis, though it can become more generalized and involve the whole testicle as the illness progresses.
  • Testicular and/or scrotal swelling and redness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Urethral discharge
  • Urinary symptoms, such as burning, urgency, or frequency

Home Remedies for Testicle Pain

Ice Pack
Ice pack can help you get relief from the pain and swelling. Take some ice cubes in plastic wrap and wrap the ice pack in a cloth or towel. Then, apply it to the scrotum for 20 to 30 minutes. Repeat this for every 1 to 2 hours. Always apply the ice after wrapping in a cloth or towel.

Rest
Don’t do anything, just take rest for 1-2 days and also limit your physical activity till the pain decreases. By doing so the unneeded blood circulation will be prevented and gravitational pull will be reduced.

Athletic Supporter
Use an athletic supporter to support the scrotum and prevent testicle injury. This also helps to alleviate some discomfort and swelling.

Add Some Lift
You can get some relief from the pain, by lifting your scrotum. While lying down or at bed time, put a rolled towel under the scrotum. This can provide some support and thus decrease the testicular discomfort.

Take a Warm Bath
Take a long soak bath in the tub. It does not soothe the pain and swelling only but also increases the blood flow to the affected area.

Tips to Prevent Testicle Pain

  • Drink sufficient amount of fluids
  • Always use protection during intercourse to prevent sexually transmitted infections
  • Wear a protective cup or athletic supporter during sports activities
  • Avoid foods rich in cholesterol
  • Decrease repetitive stress on the nerves like perineum and pudendal
  • Do regular testicular self-exams in order to detect tumors
  • Cure urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney stones and prostatitis