Generally, in the Indian society, whenever there are problems of infertility among couples, the first person to be suspected is the wife. She may be accused of having done several abortions as a single girl, through which her womb may have been damaged. Yet, she may be innocent, as studies have shown that male factors account for between 20 and 30 per cent of infertility; 40-50 per cent with the woman, while between 30 and 40 per cent are due to problems in both man and woman.
When situations like that arise, the woman becomes desperate and visits many places, from spiritual healer to fetish shrines and other places where, on the long run, she may end up with a complicated problem.
For one, most unorthodox treatments that she is likely to be offered usually end up contributing to fallopian tube blockage, kidney damage, and, sometimes, tubal damage, among others. In other words, what is supposed to be the solution is, sometimes, a contributory factor to her infertility problem.
Experts say it is wrong to engage in medications without proper supervision by competent medical personnel. And if there is anywhere where this is true, it is in the treatment of infertility. This is because there are many organs of the body that are involved in the process of conception and child delivery. This is why problem of infertility must be tackled with caution and by those who have been trained to treat it.
Experts also say conception and pregnancy are complicated processes that comprise the production of healthy sperm by the man, healthy eggs from the woman, unblocked fallopian tubes that allow the sperm to reach the egg, and the ability of the fertilized egg to implant in the uterus and grow in a good environmental and hormonal condition. If one of the processes is impaired, infertility can be the result.
Many factors are responsible for infertility among men and women, and while many are traceable to individual lifestyle, others are due to environmental factors.
Rrecent studies suggest that toxins in the environment are not only damaging the reproductive capacities of men and women, exposure to ubiquitous dioxins such as cigarette smoke, lead and mercury, and some agricultural pesticides are known to be direct threats to a couple’s ability to conceive or achieve a healthy pregnancy.
In the female, the causes of infertility include obesity (associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome and endocrine disorders), increased maternal age, hormonal imbalance, stress, infections, toxins from the environment and improper nutrition.
Male factors are said to be due to deficiencies in semen and semen quality, erectile dysfunction and genetic factors which are as a result of environmental toxins, as well as toxins produced from diet, which leads to hormonal imbalance and infertility.
In case of women, a woman’s age is probably the most significant factor related to her ability to conceive. However, in addition to age, there are a number of conditions that can interfere with a woman’s fertility.
About 20 per cent of female infertility can be attributed to tubal causes, which can be as a result of Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases, infection during medical procedures, when fecal matter comes into contact with the vagina, high fever in children, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, pituitary tumors and sundry other reasons.