The fallopian tubes are two thin tubes which carry mature egg from ovaries to uterus. They are of utmost importance in fertilization process. Fertilization takes place when eggs are traversing through fallopian tubes on their way to uterus. So when Fallopian Tubes are blocked, eggs cannot reach to the uterus which impedes fertilization and eventually pregnancy. Single tubal blockage as well as both tubes blockage is equally fatal. Blocking of fallopian tubes is one of the major causes of infertility among women and accounts for 40% cases of infertility.
Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tubes
• Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
• Ruptured Appendix
• Prior abdominal surgery
• Prior Ectopic Pregnancy
• Any prior surgery or affliction pertaining to Fallopian Tubes
• Abortion/miscarriage or uterine infection in past
• Contraction of STD infection currently or in past
Symptoms of Tubal Blockage
• Pain during Periods
• Pain during Sex and Urinating
• Lower Abdominal Pain
• Unusual Vaginal Discharge
It is important to note here that in some cases, these symptoms are not amply visible since few women can ovulate despite blocked fallopian tubes.
How Are Blocked Tubes Diagnosed?
Blocked tubes are usually diagnosed with a specialized x-ray called a hysterosalpingogram, or HSG. This test involves placing a dye through the cervix using a tiny tube. Once the dye has been given, the doctor will take x-rays of your pelvic area.
If all is normal, the dye will go through the uterus, through the tubes, and spill out around the ovaries and into the pelvic cavity. If the dye doesn’t get through the tubes, then you may have a blocked fallopian tube.
It’s important to know that 15 percent of women have a “false positive,” where the dye doesn’t get past the uterus and into the tube.
The blockage appears to be right where the fallopian tube and uterus meet. If this happens, the doctor may repeat the test another time, or order a different test to confirm.
Other tests that may be ordered include ultrasound, exploratory laparoscopic surgery, or hysteroscopy (where they take a thin camera and place it through your cervix to look at your uterus). Bloodwork to check for the presence of Chlamydia antibodies (which would imply previous or current infection) may also be ordered.
Treatments for Blocked Tubes
a) In case of Single Tubal Blockage – Single Tubal Blockage is not tough to cure. It does not involve complex mechanism. Fertility experts usually prescribe potent fertility drugs to patients to enhance their chances of ovulating on the side where tube is open.
b) In case of Both Tubes Blockage – Fertility drugs are not adequate when both tubes are blocked. In this case, Laparoscopic Surgery is the most preferable option to overcome the problem. The younger the women are, the better the chances of success. This surgery either clears the blockage or rips out tissue which is causing the problem.
c) IVF – IVF is the most efficacious treatment for Blocked Fallopian Tubes and often the last resort for patients who wish to over this malady and get pregnant.